Cote d'Ivoire

The "Country of the 60 ethnic groups" is a leading country in West Africa. Highly developed, there remains a rich country with its mix of cultures and identities.
Its access to the Atlantic Ocean through the Gulf of Guinea with 520 km of shoreline, provides a particular climate.



Its History
Côte d'Ivoire has historically been a land of migration. many people have settled for some time or permanently, many of the tenth and eleventh Mandes siècles.Puis Malinke, the Senufo and the peoples of the Volta ...
Discovered by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century, several European countries will trade on this Coast, mainly for slaves and Ivory, giving it its name. The abolition of slavery in 1815 brought new business opportunities and competition Anglo-French moves. Eventually she became a French colony in 1893. The resistance to colonization will not be still between 1920 and 1945.

Côte d'Ivoire gained independence in 1960, immediately establishing a Constitution. Under the leadership of President Felix Houphouet-Boigny, a proponent of "French" the economy jumped for 20 years before an economic crisis in the mid 80s due to mismanagement. The resulting social problems are highlighted other problems: the long "kingdom" of the president, his cooperation at all levels with France, including military. After his death in 1993, the elections bring to power 95 Henri Konan Bedie that will prevent further ethnic conflict, but to develop the concept of Ivoirite, ... Governance problems arise and a turnaround by coup in 1999 will bring a new constitution and elections of 2000 put Gbagbo in power.


Politics and Economy
The current President Laurent Gbagbo, who took power in the 2000 presidential election. Since the beginning of his tenure, he tries to establish a national reconciliation, but in 2002, clashes with rebel soldiers lead him to cut the country in two, the government can no longer control a little over 40% of the territory. The process of ending the crisis is engaged since 2003 (beginning of talks) and bearing fruit. But if the consensus seems to be emerging on how the program management of the crisis, the origins of the Ivorian crisis remains a controversial subject.

The economy is dominated by the production of coffee and cocoa. After independence, the growth of this production propels the leading countries of the subregion. The 80s are experiencing a mild recession with an economic crisis and it was in 1990 that social and political problems actually appear, but the economy remains based on agriculture with coffee still tops the list, followed by cocoa, palm oil, coconut, cotton and kola nuts. The use of wood as a natural resource export revenues reported significant, although deforestation is a serious consequence.


Geography and Climate
With a territory of 322,460 km2 and is surrounded by five neighboring countries - Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana - Côte d'Ivoire is a country of water, with nearly 2% of its surface covered by rivers (the main ones Cavally the Sassandra, Bandama and the Comoé), lakes or lagoons.

It is a country relatively flat, except towards the west, with reliefs beyond 100m, including Mount Nimba, which rises to 1752m ..
Its climate is both tropical and equatorial (the country is only 400 km from the Equator), so rather wet. The North and South have very different climatic conditions in large part because of the Gulf of Guinea. temperatures and precipitation also vary. The country has two dry seasons and two wet seasons.
The tourist season is soft in the period between August and February after the rains start in May but before the hot weather in March.


Peoples: languages and religions
The "Land of the 60 ethnic groups," thus encompasses a multitude of ethnicities and cultures that can be grouped into five major ethnic groups.
The Senufo are in the north, the Mande / Malinke northwest, there are also South Mande, Kru of western and Akan in the eastern and central Cote d'Ivoire.

The official language is French, then the languages or dialects are notable Dioula (mostly), and groups of languages Gur, Kru and Kwa.
In these races, religions are divided with 38% Islam and Christianity: Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant 5%, and finally the traditional religions which represent about 17%.


Cultures and Traditions
All these cultures have developed the arts in many areas:

Craft
The peoples each have different crafts. Some ethnic arts to reserve these castes (such as blacksmiths) or families, while others allow everyone to produce handicrafts.
Related to lifestyles and beliefs, they are all forms in many materials: wood, bronze, raffia, rattan, bamboo, metal, semi-precious stones, fiber basketry ...
They are objects of beauty and decoration, or take a mystique for sacrifices, invocations of gods or magic.

The masks are also a great tradition in Ivory Coast, especially in the Dan, the Baoules, and Guere. A Katiola, it makes the most beautiful pottery in the country.
Ivorian literature is rich with famous authors such as Bernard Dadie, Aké Loba or Amadou Kourouma.

Architecture
Côte d'Ivoire has a lot of historical monuments in Grand Bassam, Yamoussoukro and Abidjan. In the north, we note the presence of Sudanese style mosque, such as Kaouar or Tengrela.

Gastronomy
Sauce seed foutou, kédjenou, djougblé the Ivorian cuisine has been enriched by cultural blends.
Attiéké, alloco, cassava, yams are the staple foods, of course with rice, to accompany stews.
For drinks "local", we can taste the Kotoukou of Bangui (palm wine) and Tchapalo (millet beer).


Custom Trips
Beyond travel on this site, the customized travel offers another opportunity for those who prefer to leave the family, with a small group of friends who want to choose their departure date and duration of their trip.

Feel free to contact us, our expertise and our ideas are to serve your wishes.

 

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